Black History in the Southwest
The Southwestern United States holds a rich history of Black people who settled, developed, and enriched the land. The holiday of Juneteenth was born in the Texas when U.S. Major General Gordon Granger issued General Order No. 3, informing the people of Galveston, Texas that all enslaved peoples were free.
Want to learn more? Check out this curated list of scholarship covering the Black Experience in the Southwest:
Neil Foley, Quest for Equality: The Failed Promise of Black-Brown Solidarity, 2010
Annette Gordon-Reed, On Juneteenth, 2021
Richard Harris, The First 100 Years: A History of Arizona Blacks, 1983.
Kelly Lytle Hernández, City of Inmates: Conquest, Rebellion, and the Rise of Human Caging in Los Angeles, 1771–1965, 2017
Gaye Theresa Johnson, Spaces of Conflict, Sounds of Solidarity: Music, Race, and Spatial Entitlement in Los Angeles, 2013
Max Krochmal, Blue Texas: The Making of a Multiracial Democratic Coalition in the Civil Rights Era, 2016
Julian Lim, Porous Borders: Multiracial Migrations and the Law in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands, 2017
Bernadette Pruitt, The Other Great Migration: The Movement of Rural African Americans to Houston, 1900-1941, 2013
Gene Santoro, Myself When I Am Real: The Life and Music of Charles Mingus, 2000
Tyina Steptoe, Houston Bound: Culture and Color in a Jim Crow City, 2015
Andrew Torget, Seeds of Empire: Cotton, Slavery, and the Transformation of the Texas Borderlands, 1800-1850, 2015
Daniel Widener, Black Arts West: Culture and Struggle in Postwar Los Angeles, 2010
Through Our Parents' Eyes
Tucson's African American community has been active in documenting its history for many years. In 1996, Louise Glogoff, from Pima Community College, and Stuart Glogoff, with the University of Arizona, worked with local organizations to build a website about Tucson's African American heritage. The website incorporated information gathered in oral histories, materials found in the UA Library's Special Collections and the Arizona Historical Society, and other resources. The website now lives with a catalog of other ethnic groups' histories of Southern Arizona.
The website includes:
- Lesson Plan Ideas for Grades 6-12
- Biographies and Oral Histories
- Photographic Exhibits
- ...and more!
Juneteenth Educational Videos